Frequently Asked Questions

Use of Deadly Force in Michigan 

Under Michigan law, people can only use deadly force if they reasonably believe that they or other individuals are subject to imminent great bodily harm, death, or violent sexual assault. The person using deadly force may not be engaged in the commission of a crime at the time. The force used must be proportional to the threat. Deadly force may not be used to defend property including pets or statues. Thanks to changes championed by MCRGO, there is no longer a duty to retreat so long as you are not engaged in any crime, including trespass. We are a Stand Your Ground state.

U.S. Supreme Court Update

Last month we reported that the United States Supreme Court was considering a number of Second Amendment cases. Last week the Supreme Court rejected ten Second Amendment-related cases that it had been reviewing in conference, a setback for self defense rights. 

Hearing an appeal only requires the approval of four justices. Justices Clarence Thomas, Thomas Alito, Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh have all expressed frustration in the past with the court's reluctance to hear Second Amendment cases.

There is a belief that one or more of the conservative justices is hesitant to accept Second Amendment cases because they lack assurance that Chief Justice Roberts, the swing vote in a decision, could be trusted to interpret the Second Amendment as written, or faithfully apply the precedents of past decisions. If so, it would take the replacement of a liberal justice such as Ginsburg or Breyer, both of who are over 80 years old, to create a solid Second Amendment majority.

Your Rights Under Fire

Rather than address the root causes of mass shootings, fix access to mental health care, reform the National Instant Background Check System (NICS), and allow for improved school and workplace security, gun control activists prefer to blame legal gun owners. They have launched a massive and coordinated campaign to roll back our legal self defense rights.  And it's working!

Support for stricter gun laws is now at its highest point since 2000, surpassing even the weeks after Sandy Hook in 2012. We have recently been told by Michigan legislators and legislative staff that contacts to their offices in support of new gun control laws exceed opposition to new laws by a 9:1 margin. While the current pro-gun majority State House & State Senate help moderate the threat, it has stopped forward progress on our 2017 initiatives including permitless carry, enhanced concealed pistol licenses to allow carry in PFZs with advanced training, preemption enforcement, and a provisional CPL for 18-20 year olds.

Among very real gun control threats at the state level in Michigan are:

-The creation of "extreme risk protection orders" that allow the confiscation of firearms without due process.

-Requiring purchase permits for all long gun sales including private party sales and the addition of rifles and shotguns to Michigan's firearms registry.

-Raising the age to 21 to purchase long guns.

-The expansion of gun free zones and a total ban on campus carry.

-New requirements on the storage of firearms in one's home.

-State bans on magazines exceeding 10 rounds and other features of modern sporting rifles such as the AR-15.

Transporting Firearms and Ammunition

You may transport unloaded firearms in a locked hard-sided container as checked baggage only. Declare the firearm and/or ammunition to the airline when checking your bag at the ticket counter. The container must completely secure the firearm from being accessed. Locked cases that can be easily opened are not permitted. Be aware that the container the firearm was in when purchased may not adequately secure the firearm when it is transported in checked baggage.

Contact the TSA Contact Center with questions you have regarding TSA firearm regulations and for clarification on what you may or may not transport in your carry-on or checked baggage.


  • When traveling, comply with the laws concerning posession of firearms as they vary by local, state and international governments.
  • Declare each firearm each time you present it for transport as checked baggage. Ask your airline about limitations or fees that may apply.
  • Firearms must be unloaded and locked in a hard-sided container and transported as checked baggage only. Only the passenger should retain the key or combination to the lock.
  • Firearm parts, including magazines, clips, bolts and firing pins, are prohibited in carry-on baggage, but may be transported in checked baggage.
  • Replica firearms, including firearm replicas that are toys, may be transported in checked baggage only.
  • Rifle scopes are permitted in carry-on and checked baggage.


United States Code, Title 18, Part 1, Chapter 44, firearm definitions includes: any weapon (including a starter gun) which will, or is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive; the frame or receiver of any such weapon; any firearm muffler or firearm silencer; and any destructive device. As defined by 49 CFR 1540.5 a loaded firearm has a live round of ammunition, or any component thereof, in the chamber or cylinder or in a magazine inserted in the firearm.


  • Ammunition is prohibited in carry-on baggage, but may be transported in checked baggage.
  • Firearm magazines and ammunition clips, whether loaded or empty, must be securely boxed or included within a hard-sided case containing an unloaded firearm. Read the requirements governing the transport of ammunition in checked baggage as defined by 49 CFR 175.10 (a)(8).
  • Small arms ammunition, including ammunition not exceeding .75 caliber and shotgun shells of any gauge, may be carried in the same hard-sided case as the firearm.


Frequently Asked Question

Q: I'm vacationing this summer. How do I transport my handgun and ammunition on a commercial airline or Amtrak rail?

Firearms in Checked Baggage

Effective December 15, 2010, Amtrak will accept reservations of firearms and ammunition for carriage between Amtrak stations and on Amtrak trains within the United States that offer checked baggage service. Thruway Bus Services will not be included in this service change. The following policies are in effect:

  • Notification that the passenger will be checking firearms/ammunition must be made no later than 24 hours before train departure by calling Amtrak at 800-USA-RAIL. Online reservations for firearms/ammunition are not accepted.
  • The passengers must travel on the same train that is transporting the checked firearms and/or ammunition.
  • All firearms and/or ammunition must be checked at least 30 minutes prior to scheduled train departure. Some larger stations require that baggage be checked earlier. Please contact your departure station for more details.
  • All firearms (rifles, shotguns, handguns, starter pistols) must be unloaded and in an approved, locked hard-sided container not exceeding 62" L x 17" W x 7" D (1575 mm x 432 mm x 178 mm). The passenger must have sole possession of the key or the combination for the lock to the container. The weight of the container may not exceed 50 lb/23 kg.
  • Smaller locked, hard-sided containers containing smaller unloaded firearms such as handguns and starter pistols must be securely stored within a suitcase or other item of checked baggage, but the existence of such a firearm must be declared.
  • All ammunition carried must be securely packed in the original manufacturer's container; in fiber, wood, or metal boxes; or in other packaging specifically designed to carry small amounts of ammunition. The maximum weight of all ammunition and containers may not exceed 11 lb/5 kg.
  • The passenger is responsible for knowing and following all federal, state, and local firearm laws at all jurisdictions to and through which he or she will be travelling.
  • All other Amtrak checked baggage policies apply, including limits on the number of pieces of checked baggage, the maximum weight of each piece (50 lb/23 kg).
  • Firearms/ammunition may not be carried in carry-on baggage; therefore, checked baggage must be available on all trains and at all stations in the passenger's itinerary.
  • At the time of check-in, passengers will be required to complete and sign a two-part Declaration Form.
  • BB guns and Compressed Air Guns (to include paintball markers), are to be treated as firearms and must comply with the above firearms policy. Canisters, tanks, or other devices containing propellants must be emptied prior to checking and securely packaged within the contents of the passenger's luggage.

Passengers failing to meet the above-mentioned requirements for checking firearms will be denied transportation.

  • After receiving my Concealed Pistol License, I moved to a different county within Michigan.  Do I need to reapply in the new county?
    No.  If a Concealed Pistol License holder moves to a different county within Michigan, his or her license remains valid until it expires or is otherwise suspended or revoked.  When your license expires, the renewal of that license will occur in your new county of residence.  You may notify the county clerk in the county that issued your license of your new mailing address to ensure that you are notified when your concealed pistol license is about to expire.
  • Q: Is there a specific design for the no gun allowed sign? Does the law say where it has to be placed at a business, such as on the door or adjacent window leading into the business?

    A: There are no specifications for "No Guns" or "No Weapons" signs in Michigan law. Under the law, there are two ways for a CPL holder to know that guns are not allowed in a specific location. The first is the list of "Pistol Free Zones" (often colloquially referred to as violent criminal empowerment zones) that we must all memorize, which is part of the CPL statute.

    The second is when the owner or lessor of any real property communicates to us that our guns are not welcome there. That communication must be reasonable in order to be effective. By reasonable, I don't mean polite. I mean that there is an effective means of communicating to us that we are not welcome so long as we are carrying our guns. This can be done with a sign, verbally, or in some kind of printed material.

    For instance, if there is a reasonably-sized and located sign in a retail establishment indicating that guns or weapons are not allowed, that would constitute reasonable notice. If an employee of the same establishment actually tells you that you may not carry on the premises, that would constitute reasonable notice. If your employer has an employee handbook or some kind of printed guidelines, and includes a prohibition on guns and/or weapons, that would constitute reasonable notice.

    If you choose to ignore any such reasonable notice, then you become a trespasser rather than a business invitee. Trespass can be punished as a crime and/or in civil court, and could affect your CPL licensing status.
Can I purchase a firearm from another state while I'm visiting?

Federal Law:

Any handgun or long gun bought from an individual in another state must be taken possession of through FFL in YOUR state after 4473.

Same for any handgun bought from FFL in another state, must be sent to FFL in YOUR state for you to take possession after 4473.

You may buy and take possession of a long gun in another state from FFL (if they are willing to do it, most will, but they don't have to).

The only exceptions to these are inheritance and loaning/renting guns.

No New Guns for Dope Smokers, Court Rules